The fallacy of the Friday prayer

Friday | March 10 2017

The Gregorian calendar is internationally the most widely used civil calendar

The Gregorian calendar was a reform of the Julian calendar. It was instituted in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII, after whom the calendar was named, by papal bull Inter gravissimas dated 24 February 1582.[4] The motivation for the adjustment was to bring the date for the celebration of Easter to the time of year in which it was celebrated when it was introduced by the early Church. Although a recommendation of the First Council of Nicaea in 325 specified that all Christians should celebrate Easter on the same day, it took almost five centuries before virtually all Christians achieved that objective by adopting the rules of the Church of Alexandria.- Wiki

In conjunction with the system of months there is a system of weeks. A physical or electronic calendar provides conversion from a given date to the weekday, and shows multiple dates for a given weekday and month.

The days of the week were originally named for the classical planets. This naming system persisted alongside an “ecclesiastical” tradition of numbering the days, in ecclesiastical Latin beginning with dominica (the Day of the Lord) as the first day. The Greco-Roman gods associated with the classical planets were rendered in their interpretatio germanica at some point during the late Roman Empire, yielding the Germanic tradition of names based on indigenous deities.

So much for the Gregorian calendar

The Hijri

Muslims measure the passage of time using the Islamic (Hijrah) calendar. This calendar has twelve lunar months, the beginnings and endings of which are determined by the sighting of the crescent moon. Years are counted since the Hijrah, which is when the Prophet Muhammad migrated from Makkah to Madinah (approximately July 622 A.D.).

The Islamic calendar was first introduced by the close companion of the Prophet, Umar ibn Al-Khattab. During his leadership of the Muslim community, in approximately 638 A.D., he consulted with his advisers in order to come to a decision regarding the various dating systems used at that time. It was agreed that the most appropriate reference point for the Islamic calendar was the Hijrah, since it was an important turning point for the Muslim community. After the emigration to Madinah (formerly known as Yathrib), the Muslims were able to organize and establish the first real Muslim “community,” with social, political, and economic independence. Life in Madinah allowed the Muslim community to mature and strengthen, and the people developed an entire society based on Islamic principles.

The Islamic calendar is the official calendar in many Muslim countries, especially Saudi Arabia. Other Muslim countries use the Gregorian calendar for civil purposes and only turn to the Islamic calendar for religious purposes.

The Islamic year has twelve months that are based on a lunar cycle. Allah says in the Qur’an:

“The number of months in the sight of Allah is twelve (in a year) – so ordained by Him the day He created the heavens and the earth….” (9:36).

The Friday Prayer

The “weekly” ritual of congregating in the mosques on Friday is not from the Quran itself but rather a concoction from a verse in surah Al-Jumu’ah, the 62nd Surah of the Quran:


The Arabic word Jumu’ah means congregate. The day and time is not specified in this verse or anywhere else in the Quran. The words within brackets in the above translation are insertions by the translator and are not present in the original Arabic text.

The Islamic calendar is the official calendar in many Muslim countries, especially Saudi Arabia. Other Muslim countries use the Gregorian calendar for civil purposes and only turn to the Islamic calendar for religious purposes. – ThoughtCo.Com

The above verse asked the followers to congregate in the remembrance of God and does not point specifically to Salat (prayers). Even if the devotees chose prayers as remembrance of God, it still does not specify the day.

As the Hijrah calendar is lunar based on the moon cycles, the days in a month have 29/30 days and the days are named by the numbers 1 – 30. The seven day week system is NOT applied in the Hijrah.

The current Friday Prayer being practiced is clearly not in the Quran, and given the Hijrah as is there is no such a day as Friday.

The prevailing Friday Prayer ritual is being performed on the Friday of the Gregorian calendar surely contradict the claims that the Muslims follow the Islamic calendar for religious purposes. The Haj pilgrimage and the fasting in Ramadan are however, in accordance with their Hijrah calendar.




2 thoughts on “The fallacy of the Friday prayer



    From the following research, we will see that the meaning of the word YAWN in the Quran can vary from one context to another but the main meaning or the essence of this word is in something that deals with time. It can mean >when, then, during, day, period of time, time and etc.

    Actually, its use as 24 hours day is very rare in the Quran but having this meaning in mind as its main meaning we always run to translate it as 24 hours day.

    The word YAWM with its suffixes, prefixes and plural form is mentioned more than 400 times in the Quran.

    I will mention some of them here and you are all invited to check these and other occurrences in the Quran.

    3:155 “Those of you who ran away on the DAY/WHEN/AT THE TIME (when) the two groups met (Yawmal taqal jamaan)

    5:109 “(on the) DAY/AT THE TIME/WHEN God gathers the messengers (Yawma Yajma Allah ar rusul)

    6:73 “It was He who created the heavens and the earth in all truth and WHEN/(on the) DAY (when) He says: “Be” it shall be (wa yawma yaqulu kunfa ya koon.)

    9:3 “A proclamation from God and His messenger (on the) DAY/DURING/AT THE TIME (of the) greater pilgrimage (yawm al hajil akbar)

    16:80 “God has given you houses to dwell in, and animals’ skins for tents, so that you may find them light WHEN you travel and easy to pitch WHEN you halt for shelter (yawma zha&nihum wa yawma iqamatikum)

    33:66 “(On the) DAY (when)/WHEN their heads/faces will roll about in the fire (yawma tuqal abu wujuhahum fin nari)

    50:30 “(on the) DAY (when)/WHEN We say to/ask hell’ are you full. (yawma nagoolu li jahan nam hal im tala’t..)

    The above are examples from the Quran about the use of the word >YAWMYAWMA DAY fi Yawmi nahsin mustammirin seven nights and eight days in successionYAWMMin Yawmil Jummain/during a time of gathering?

    What justifies the first understanding?

    Does God command believers to gather on a specific day in the week?

    Are we supposed to do business and trade only on “that day” of the week?

    What if I do not go out for business or trade on “that day”?

    What if I am on holiday and not doing any trade for weeks?


    In/During the Time of gathering “Yawmi al Jumu’Ati” was not any particular day such as Holy Jumma/Friday as most of the Muslim consider it today.

    In/During the time of Gathering referred in the Quran as in the broader sense it may include the Gathering at Marriage, Festivals, Business hours, Fairs etc.

    There is no such a thing as > Traditional Prayer on the day of gatheringidha nudiya li AS SALAT Min Yawmi Al jumu’Ati in/during a time of gathering.

    62:9 “O you who believe, when the call/announcement is made (Nudiya) for the Closeness/Attachment (Salat), in/during the time of (Yawm) gathering (Al Jumu’Ati), hasten earnestly to the remembrance of God and leave off the trade, that is better for you if you have the knowledge.”

    During this time of gathering the believers were invited by the other believers to attend the Salat, where Prophet Muhammad gave Daras (Lecture) of the Quran to the believers.

    After the end of the Salat, God advise the believers 62:10 to spread in his land and search his bounties in other words continue their business activities as usual.

    62:10 Then, once the Closeness/Attachment (Salat) is complete, you shall disperse through the land and seek the provisions of God, and remember God frequently that you may succeed.

    62:11 And if they come across any trade, or some entertainment, they rush to it and leave you (O Muhammad) standing (in wait)! Say: “What God possesses is far better than entertainment or trade. And God is the best Provider.”


    24:62 The believers are those who believe in God and His messenger, and when they are with him in a meeting/gathering (Jami’in), they do not leave him without permission. Those who ask permission are the ones who do believe in God and His messenger. If they ask your permission, in order to attend to some of their affairs, you may grant permission to whoever you wish, and ask God to forgive them. God is Forgiver, Merciful.



    The word “friday” appears 109 time(s) in 67 hadith(s) in Bukhari.

    The word “friday” appears 101 time(s) in 84 hadith(s) in Muslim.

    The word “friday” appears 53 time(s) in 35 hadith(s) in Abudawud.

    The word “friday” appears 1 time(s) in 1 hadith(s) in Muwatta.

    In the Quran Zero (0).

    Note: All important Islamic days are based on lunar calendar except the Jumma Friday which is according to the Georgian calendar. Why?

    Why were the Muslims in Prophet’s time following the Georgian calendar ???


    The Seven-Day of the Week and their names come to us originally from the Greeks and Romans, who named the days of the week after their gods and giant objects in the sky.

    Sunday: Sun’s Day. The Sun gave people light and warmth every day. They decided to name the first (or last) day of the week after the Sun.

    Monday: Moon’s Day. The Moon was thought to be very important in the lives of people and their crops.

    Tuesday: Tiw’s Day. Tiw, or Tyr, was a Norse god known for his sense of justice.

    Wednesday: Woden’s Day. Woden, or Odin, was a Norse god who was one of the most powerful of them all.

    Thursday: Thor’s Day. Thor was a Norse god who wielded a giant hammer.

    Friday (Jumma): Frigg’s Day. Frigg was a Norse god equal in power to Odin.

    Saturday: Saturn’s day. Saturn is the Roman and Italic god of agriculture.


    1- (Yaum) al-Aḥad الأحد (first day)

    2- (Yaum) al-Ithnayn الإثنين (second day)

    3- (Yaum) ath-Thalaathaaʼ الثلاثاء (third day)

    4- (Yaum) al-Arba‘aa’ الأربعاء (fourth day)

    5- (Yaum) al-Khamīs الخميس (fifth day)

    6- (Yaum) al-Sittah السته (Sixth day)

    7- (Yaum) al-Sab’a سبعة (seventh day)


    6- (Yaum) al-Jumu‘ah الجمعة (Friday) ???

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Thank you for your very fine in-depth examination on this subject matter, specifically on “YAWM”. Just as in English, the word ‘day’ is used variously contextually as in “Independence Day” for example, or “have a good day”. Have a good day Sir!


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.