…of Prince Philip, Puerto Rico and US bankruptcy


BenjaminFulford

It is time for Canadian LBO of bankrupt US Corporate government

Despite an ongoing pretense that nothing happened, it turns out the US corporate government based in Washington DC and registered in Puerto Rico really did go bankrupt last week. The bankruptcy of Puerto Rico is different from something like the bankruptcy of Detroit because Puerto Rico is a fully owned DC subsidiary and so the parent company must take the fall. This was why the Chinese Finance Minister suddenly canceled a meeting with his Japanese and South Korean counterparts last week because of a “financial emergency.”

http://www.reuters.com/article/us-adb-asia-trilateral-idUSKBN1802V2

This was also why the British Royal family held an emergency meeting last week at Buckingham Palace and then announced the retirement of Prince Philip.

Both emergency meetings had to do with the cashing of Super Petchili or Lung-Tsing-U-Hai bonds backed by Chinese gold and held by many members of the world’s royal families, according to a senior bank source. To be exact, according to this source, in exchange for resigning, Prince Philip was allowed to cash his Petchilis meaning the British Royal Family now has in its hands enough money to totally transform the planet.

If so, then this means Canada is now in a position to ask creditors of the bankrupt United States Corporation for financing of a leveraged buy-out of its operations. The result would be an end to the never ending insanity and criminality emerging out of Washington DC.

We will look deeper into this further down because, in terms of how this will affect the planet, this under the radar move is far more important than the French Presidential election. This was stolen by the Rothschild’s on behalf of their slave Emmanuel Macron with a in your face, Satanic 66.06% of the vote.

The French election was really a German/Russian proxy war over the control of Europe. US naval intelligence reports that German troops were sent into France prior to the election to while Pentagon sources say Russian troops were sent into Serbia at around the same time.

As things stand now, Hitler’s daughter Angela Merkel has repeated her father’s accomplishment of conquering France, this time through stealth rather than through open warfare.

Regardless though, Japanese military intelligence is now saying that defeated French presidential candidate Marine le Pen was in fact…

to be continued

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Pentagon Completes Takeover Of US Government, Begins Next Stage Of “Deep State” War


WhatDoesItMean

By: Sorcha Faal, and as reported to her Western Subscribers

A very interesting, though somewhat chilling, new Security Council (SC) report circulating in the Kremlin today states that the US Department of Defense (DoD/Pentagon) has secured its takeover of the American government and is now in “full battle mode” for its next assault against its “Deep State” enemies currently waging war against President Donald Trump—but that Federation experts warn could lead to nuclear war. [Note: Some words and/or phrases appearing in quotes in this report are English language approximations of Russian words/phrases having no exact counterpart.]

According to this report, the American “Deep State” is a confederation of Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) operatives who have permeated every branch of the US government since the early 1950’s, and who, in 2016, were exposed by Udo Ulfkotte (the assistant editor for the German mainstream media newspaper Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung) as being in control of the entire Western mainstream media—and for his exposing them, was assassinated just prior to his meeting with then President-elect Trump.

With this “Deep Statetranscending all US laws and having sold-out the Pentagon’s counter-terror efforts in order to keep itself in business, this report continues, then candidate Trump aligned himself with the American military establishment to gain the presidency—and who after taking power, has appointed to his Cabinet more generals than any other US leader since World War II.

The most important “observable” military leaders appointed by President Trump to fight the “Deep State”, this report details, are General James Mattis, who now heads the Pentagon, General John Kelly, who now heads the Department of Homeland Security, former US Navy SEAL Ryan Zinke, who now leads the Department of Interior, and former US Army officer Mike Pompeo, who now heads the CIA.

Likewise, this report notes, the most important “non-observable” military leaders appointed by President Trump are Jeff Sessions, who now heads the Department of Justice, Rex Tillerson, who heads the Department of State, and Rick Perry, who heads to the Department of Energy—which is the ministry in charge of America’s nuclear arsenal currently under civilian, not military, control.

Critical to note about Trump’s “non-observable” military leaders Jeff Sessions, Rex Tillerson and Rick Perry, this report says, is that all of them are Vietnam War-era Eagle Scouts who were deferred from fighting in this conflict by the Pentagon in order for them to become established political and business leaders put into positions of power to further the goals and aims of the US military against their “Deep State” CIA adversaries.

An Eagle Scout, this report explains, is the highest rank that can be achieved in the American paramilitary youth organization called the Boy Scouts of America (BSA) that by US law [10 U.S. Code § 2554 and 32 CFR 621.4] is supported by the Pentagon—and whose members fill the US military officer ranks (especially in intelligence operations), have been trained since 2009 in fighting terrorism, all US military personal are able to receive a medal for their support of, and whose current leader is the former Defense Secretary Robert Gates.

Completing the US military takeover of the American government, this report continues, was President Trump, yesterday, appointing former US Marine General Randolph Alles to head the Secret Service (SS) that protects his, and his families, lives—and that was critical to achieve as the last president to fight against the CIA’s “Deep State (President John F. Kennedy) was allowed to be assassinated when his Secret Service protectors abandoned him in Dallas, Texas, when they were called off from their positions at the back of his limousine thus allowing assassins to blow his head off minutes later

With some American experts questioning if President Trump has lost control over the Pentagon, this report says, Security Council analysts, instead, state that the new powers he’s given to these generals is but another crucial step the US military has taken against the CIA’s “Deep State”—but whose unintended consequences could very well lead to nuclear war.

To understand the Federations nuclear war fears, this report explains, is due to the US militaries current doctrine of “Deterrence=Capability x National Interest x Signaling”—which is an aggressive formula at odds from the deterrence-chaos theory that guided both the US and USSR through the Cold War and kept World War III from destroying the entire world.

Most worrisome about this doctrine, this report states, is the “Signaling” component of this equation that calls for “Maximum Pressure”—that is now being seen as the Americans and their NATO allies continue their “forceful advance” against Russia, and even more dangerously, installing their feared THAAD missile defense system in South Korea.

With Security Council spokesman Nikolai Patrushev stating just hours ago that “we should not underestimate the North Korean issue as external provocations have put parties to the conflict on the brink of war”, this report concludes, most feared by the Federation is that President Trump and his Pentagon backers will fail to stop a CIA “Deep State” escalation of this conflict—called a “false flag event”—to which a response would most likely be a nuclear missile launch, i.e. World War III.

April 26, 2017 © EU and US all rights reserved. Permission to use this report in its entirety is granted under the condition it is linked back to its original source at WhatDoesItMean.Com. Freebase content licensed under CC-BY and GFDL.

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Alert: “If a true Cyber War breaks out, many may wish it was a nuclear exchange…” – Bix Weir


A true “Cyber War” is not about hacking emails my friends. It’s about destroying infrastructure, blowing up power plants and destroying the connectivity of the systems we use to run our daily lives.


I have long said that the Global Fiat Monetary System can be “destroyed by the click of a mouse” and both the Good Guys and the Bad Guys have the power to do that.
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Word this morning that the “Powers That Be” within the United States of America are planning a Cyber War with Russia and that Russia has the power to do the same to us is not surprising. As a matter of fact, they may even think it’s the best way to get around a nuclear exchange that destroys the planet…
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CIA Prepping for Possible Cyber Strike Against Russia
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“We’ve always hesitated to use a lot of stuff we’ve had, but that’s a political decision,” one former officer said. “If someone has decided, `We’ve had enough of the Russians,’ there is a lot we can do. Step one is to remind them that two can play at this game and we have a lot of stuff. Step two, if you are looking to mess with their networks, we can do that, but then the issue becomes, they can do worse things to us in other places.”
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END
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A true “Cyber War” is not about hacking emails my friends. It’s about destroying infrastructure, blowing up power plants and destroying the connectivity of the systems we use to run our daily lives.
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Of course the problem with this solution is that Millions if not Billions of people will die because, depending on the extent of the attack, it would destroy the unbacked fiat monetary system. After all, our money is now electronic in nature and like all forms of money it relies 100% on the faith that it will be able to be used in exchange for goods and services at some future date. A cyber war that clogs or destroys the global electrical systems would make our electronic monetary system unreliable or even unusable destroying the required “faith in money” within a matter of days.
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The mass deaths would follow due to the breakdown of the just-in-time delivery systems that have been developed and relied upon over the past 40 years. How long can a large city last without food, water, power, communications or even INFORMATION?
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If a true Cyber War breaks out, many may wish it was a nuclear exchange as it would have been a much quicker form of death.
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Stay tuned to the Road to Roota for updates on the battles and…
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May the Road you choose be the Right Road.
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Bix Weir

Putin Authorizes Retaliatory “Special Weapon” Attack On US East-West Coasts Putin Authorizes Retaliatory “Special Weapon” Attack On US East-West Coasts

By: Sorcha Faal, and as reported to her Western Subscribers

A terrifying new Security Council (SC) report circulating in the Kremlin today says that President Putin signed a decree this morning authorizing the Ministry of Defense (MoD) to “immediately retaliate” against the Obama regime by targeting the East and West coastal regions of the United States with a “special weapons barrage” once the Federation is attacked by the American’s who just hours ago threatened an unprecedented massive cyber attack on Russia and whose nuclear war status has been reported to have been raised to DEFCON 3.

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The arrogance of it all


“Pretend inferiority and encourage his arrogance.”Sun Tzu
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RT

Obama: ‘We have to twist arms when countries don’t do what we need them to’

BO

President Barack Obama has said the reality of “American leadership” at times entails “twisting the arms” of states which “don’t do what we need them to do,” and that the US relied on its military strength and other leverage to achieve its goals.

READ MORE: ‘US unilateral actions to protect its interests let other govts use same excuse’

In a broad-ranging interview with Vox, which Obama himself described as a venue “for the brainiac-nerd types,” the US president both denied the efficacy of a purely “realist” foreign policy but also arguing that at times the US, which has a defense budget that exceeds the next 10 countries combined, needed to rely on its military muscle and other levers of power.

Lauding the rule-based system to emerge in the post-World War II era, Obama admitted it wasn’t perfect, but argued “the UN, the IMF, and a whole host of treaties and rules and norms that were established really helped to stabilize the world in ways that it wouldn’t otherwise be.”

He argued, however, that the efficacy of this idealistic, Wilsonian, rule-based system was severely tested by the fact that “there are bad people out there who are trying to do us harm.”

READ MORE: ‘Unexceptional’ US, Russia scrap over Putin’s NY Times Op-Ed

In the president’s view, the reality of those threats has compelled the US to have “the strongest military in the world.” Obama further says that “we occasionally have to twist the arms of countries that wouldn’t do what we need them to do if it weren’t for the various economic or diplomatic or, in some cases, military leverage that we had — if we didn’t have that dose of realism, we wouldn’t get anything done, either.”

“we occasionally have to twist the arms of countries that wouldn’t do what we need them to do…

Obama argues that the US doesn’t have “military solutions” to all the challenges in the modern world, though he goes on to add that “we don’t have a peer” in terms of states that could attack or provoke the United States.

“The closest we have, obviously, is Russia, with its nuclear arsenal, but generally speaking they can’t project the way we can around the world. China can’t, either. We spend more on our military than the next 10 countries combined,” he said.

Within this context, Obama said that “disorder” stemming from “failed states” and “asymmetric threats from terrorist organizations” were the biggest challenges facing the international community today.

Obama also argued that tackling these and other problems entailed “leveraging other countries” and “other resources” whenever possible, while also recognizing that Washington is “the lead partner because we have capabilities that other folks don’t have.”

“We spend more on our military than the next 10 countries combined.”

This approach, he said, also led to “some burden-sharing and there’s some ownership for outcomes.”

When asked about the limits of American power, Obama conceded that there were things that his administration simply cannot do in terms of power projection, but remained upbeat.

“Well, American leadership, in part, comes out of our can-do spirit. We’re the largest, most powerful country on Earth. As I said previously in speeches: when problems happen, they don’t call Beijing. They don’t call Moscow. They call us. And we embrace that responsibility. The question, I think, is how that leadership is exercised. My administration is very aggressive and internationalist in wading in and taking on and trying to solve problems.”

U.S. President Barack Obama speaks at the United Nations meeting in New York September 25, 2014. (Reuters/Kevin Lamarque)

U.S. President Barack Obama speaks at the United Nations meeting in New York September 25, 2014. (Reuters/Kevin Lamarque)

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This appeal to US leadership, which has often been couched within the notion of American exceptionalism, has regularly been questioned by Moscow.

“American leadership, in part, comes out of our can-do spirit.”

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov took issue with the notion past September, following Obama’s speech before the UN in which the US president named “Russian aggression in Europe” along with the Ebola epidemic and ISIS as threats to international peace and security.

Lavrov said that Obama’s address to the UN was the “speech of a peacemaker – the way it was conceived,” but added that he had “failed to deliver, if one compares it to real facts.”

READ MORE: Russia tops ISIS threat, Ebola worst of all? Lavrov puzzled by Obama’s UN speech

The Russian foreign minister added that Obama had presented a worldview based on the exceptionality of the United States.

“That’s the worldview of a country that has spelt out its right to use force arbitrarily regardless of the UN Security Council’s resolutions or other international legal acts in its national defense doctrine,” Lavrov said.

In a September 2013 Op-Ed article in the New York Times, Russian President Vladimir Putin said that the concept of American exceptionalism was a precarious one in the global arena.

“It is extremely dangerous to encourage people to see themselves as exceptional, whatever the motivation,” Putin wrote. “There are big countries and small countries, rich and poor, those with long democratic traditions and those still finding their way to democracy. Their policies differ, too. We are all different, but when we ask for the Lord’s blessings, we must not forget that God created us equal.”

 

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Two Constitutions in the United States. 1st was illegally suspended in favor of a Vatican “Crown” corporation in 1871


Two Constitutions in the United States. 1st was illegally suspended in favor of a Vatican “Crown” corporation in 1871

Posted on PRESS Core  Thursday, August 21st, 2014

Pope (the Crown) meeting with the board of directors of The Vatican Bank

Since 1871 the United States president and the United States Congress has been playing politics under a different set of rules and policies.  The American people do not know that there are two Constitutions in the United States.  The first penned by the leaders of the newly independent states of the United States in 1776.  On July 4, 1776, the people claimed their independence from the Crown (temporal authority of the Roman Catholic Pope)  and Democracy was born.  And for 95 years the United States people were free and independent.  That freedom ended in 1871 when the original “Constitution for the United States for America” was changed to the “THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA”.

The Congress realized that the country was in dire financial straits, so they made  a financial deal with the devil –  the Crown (a.k.a. City of London Corporation – est. by the Catholic Church on Jan 1, 1855 ) thereby incurring a DEBT to the Pope.  The conniving Pope and his bankers were not about to lend the floundering nation any money without some serious stipulations. So, they devised a way of taking back control of the United States and thus, the Act of 1871 was passed.  With no constitutional authority to do so, Congress created a separate form of government for the District of Columbia.

With the passage of  “the Act of 1871” a city state (a state within a state) called the District of Columbia located on 10 sq miles of land in the heart of Washington was formed with its own flag and its own independent constitution – the United States’ secret second constitution.

The flag of Washington’s District of Columbia has 3 red stars, each symbolizing a city state within the three city empire. The three city empire consists of Washington D.C (the D.C. stands for District of Columbia)., City of London Corporation, and  Vatican City State. City of London Corporation is the corporate center of the three city states and controls the world economically. Washington D.C. is in charge of the military, and the Vatican controls it all under the guise of spiritual guidance.  Although geographically separate, the city states of; City of London Corporation, the Vatican and the District of  Columbia are one interlocking empire called “Empire of the City”

The constitution for the District of Columbia operates under tyrannical Vatican law known as “Lex Fori” (local law). When congress illegally passed the act of 1871 it created a corporation known as THE UNITED STATES and a separate form of government for the District of Columbia. This treasonous act has unlawfully allowed the District of Columbia to operate as a corporation outside the original constitution of the United States and in total disregard of the best interests of the American citizens.

POTUS Obama at the Vatican Corporate – the Crown – headquarters

POTUS is the Chief Executive (President) of the Corporation of THE UNITED STATES – operating as the CEO of the corporation. POTUS governs w/a Board of Directors (cabinet officials) and managers (Senators and Congressmen/women).  Barack Obama, as others before him, is POTUS — operating as “vassal king” – taking orders once again from “The Crown” through the RIIA (Royal Institute of Intl Affairs).  The Illuminati (founded by the The Society of Jesus or Jesuits, the largest Roman Catholic Religious Military Order headed by the Black Pope) created the Royal Institute of International Affairs (RIIA) in 1919. The American equivalent to the RIIA is the Council of Foreign Relations (CFR). The RIIA and CFR set up Round Table Groups (based on the King Arthur myths).

What did the Act of 1871 achieve?  The ACT of 1871 put the United States back under Crown rule (which is Vatican rule).  The United States people lost their independence in 1871.

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is the constitution of the incorporated UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. It operates in an economic capacity and has been used to fool the People into thinking it governs the Republic. It does not! Capitalization is NOT insignificant when one is referring to a legal document. This seemingly “minor” alteration has had a major impact on every subsequent generation of Americans. What Congress did by passing the Act of 1871 was create an entirely new document, a constitution for the government of the District of Columbia, an INCORPORATED government.

Instead of having absolute and unalienable rights guaranteed under the organic Constitution, We the People, now have “relative” rights or privileges. One example is the Sovereign’s (the People) right to travel, which has now been transformed (under corporate government policy) into a “privilege” that requires citizens to be licensed – driver’s licenses and Passports. By passing the Act of 1871, Congress committed TREASON against the People who were Sovereign under the grants and decrees of the Declaration of Independence and the organic Constitution.  The Act of 1871 became the FOUNDATION of all the treason since committed by government officials.

As of 1871 the United States isn’t a Country; It’s a Corporation! In preparation for stealing America, the puppets of Roman Catholic Pope’s banking cabal had already created a second government, a Shadow Government designed to manage what “the People” believed was a democracy, but what really was an incorporated UNITED STATES. Together this chimera, this two-headed monster, disallowed “the People” all rights of sui juris. [you, in your sovereignty]

The U.S.A. is a Crown Colony. The U.S. has always been and remains a Crown (Roman Catholic Pope) colony. King James I, is not just famous for translating the Bible into “The King James Version”, but for signing the “First Charter of Virginia” in 1606 — which granted America’s British forefathers license to settle and colonize America. The charter guaranteed future German Roman Catholic Kings/Queens of England would have sovereign authority over all citizens and colonized land in America.

After America declared independence from the Crown, the Treaty of Paris, signed on September 3, 1783 was signed.  That treaty identifies the German Roman Catholic King of England as prince of U.S. “Prince George the Third, by the grace of God, king of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, defender of the faith, duke of Brunswick (Germany’s Brunswick) and Lunebourg (Germany’s Lunebourg), arch- treasurer and prince elector of the Holy Roman Empire (Roman Catholic Church) etc., and of the United States of America“– completely contradicting premise that America won The War of Independence.

Article 5 of that treaty gave all British estates, rights and properties back to the Crown – Catholic Church.

It is agreed that Congress shall earnestly recommend it to the legislatures of the respective states to provide for the restitution of all estates, rights, and properties, which have been confiscated belonging to real British subjects; and also of the estates, rights, and properties of persons resident in districts in the possession on his Majesty’s arms and who have not borne arms against the said United States. And that persons of any other decription shall have free liberty to go to any part or parts of any of the thirteen United States and therein to remain twelve months unmolested in their endeavors to obtain the restitution of such of their estates, rights, and properties as may have been confiscated; and that Congress shall also earnestly recommend to the several states a reconsideration and revision of all acts or laws regarding the premises, so as to render the said laws or acts perfectly consistent not only with justice and equity but with that spirit of conciliation which on the return of the blessings of peace should universally prevail. And that Congress shall also earnestly recommend to the several states that the estates, rights, and properties, of such last mentioned persons shall be restored to them, they refunding to any persons who may be now in possession the bona fide price (where any has been given) which such persons may have paid on purchasing any of the said lands, rights, or properties since the confiscation.

And it is agreed that all persons who have any interest in confiscated lands, either by debts, marriage settlements, or otherwise, shall meet with no lawful impediment in the prosecution of their just rights.

It is becoming increasingly apparent to American citizens that government is no longer being conducted in accordance with the U.S. Constitution, or, within states, according to state constitutions. While people have recognized for more than 150 years that the rich and powerful often corrupt individual officials, or exert undue influence to get legislation passed that favors their interests, most Americans still cling to the naive belief that such corruption is exceptional, and that most of the institutions of society, the courts, the press, and law enforcement agencies, still largely comply with the Constitution and the law in important matters. They expect that these corrupting forces are disunited and in competition with one another, so that they tend to balance one another.

Mounting evidence makes it clear that the situation is far worse than most people think, that during the last several decades the U.S. Constitution has been effectively overthrown, and that it is now observed only as a façade to deceive and placate the masses. What has replaced it is what many call the Shadow Government – created with the illegal passing of the Act of 1871. It still, for the most part, operates in secret, because its control is not secure. The exposure of this regime and its operations must now become a primary duty of citizens who still believe in the Rule of Law and in the freedoms which this country is supposed to represent.

Short URL: http://presscore.ca/2014/?p=4448

UN General Assembly expose the racist Nazis


RT

US, Canada & Ukraine vote against Russia’s anti-Nazism resolution at UN

UN

UN General Assembly’s Third Committee passed a Russia-proposed resolution condemning attempts to glorify Nazism ideology and denial of German Nazi war crimes. The US, Canada and Ukraine were the only countries to vote against it.

The resolution was passed on Friday by the committee, which is tasked with tackling social and humanitarian issues and human rights abuses, by 115 votes against three, with 55 nations abstaining, Tass news agency reported.

The document voiced concern over the rise of racism-driven crimes around the world and the influence that parties with extremist agendas are gaining.

It called for a universal adoption of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. Many nations including the US, the UK, China and India, signed the convention but did not recognize a mechanism resolving individual complaints it establishes, which makes the convention unenforceable in their jurisdictions.

The convention also decries attempts to whitewash Nazi collaborators by depicting them as fighters of nationalist resistance movements and honoring them as such.

ukrainian

Azov battalion soldiers take an oath of allegiance to Ukraine in Kiev’s Sophia Square before being sent to the Donbass region. (RIA Novosti / Alexandr Maksimenko)

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The resolution condemned any form of denial of Nazi war crimes, including the Jewish Holocaust.

Russia, which submitted the draft resolution, said it regretted that it could not be adopted anonymously.

Moscow proposes similar documents to the UN General Assembly annually, but the US and Canada have consistently voted against them. Ukraine is a new nation among the opponents, as in previous years it has abstained.

Kiev’s representative at the session, Andrey Tsymbalyuk, said that while Ukraine did condemn Nazism and neo-Nazism, it could not endorse the Russian resolution, because it suffered not only from Nazism, but also from Stalinism in the past.

“As long as Stalinism and neo-Stalinism are not condemned as strongly as Nazism, neo-Nazism and other forms of hatred, Ukraine would not be able to back this document,” the diplomat said.

The resolution is to be formally adopted by the UN General Assembly as a body in December.

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‘Limits to Growth’ vindicated: World headed towards economic, environmental collapse


RT

Australian researchers have shown that a book written ‒ and written off ‒ four decades ago accurately predicted where the world would be in terms of resource allocation and the environment. And that does not bode well for the future of humanity.

Image from Amazon.com

Researchers from the Melbourne Sustainable Society Institute (MSSI) at the University of Melbourne used data from the last 40 years to compare to predictions made by the authors of the 1972 book Limits to Growth.” They focused on what the original authors termed the “business-as-usual” (BAU) or “standard run” scenario, collating it to what has actually happened since the publication.

Just two years after the globe celebrated its first Earth Day in 1970, Italian think tank Club of Rome commissioned researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), led by husband-and-wife team Donella and Dennis Meadows, to build a computer model to track the world’s economy and environment. They looked at industrialization, population, food, use of resources and pollution through 1970.

“The task was very ambitious,” Graham Turner, the MSSI paper’s lead author, and Cathy Alexander, a research fellow at the institute, wrote in The Guardian. “They modelled data up to 1970, then developed a range of scenarios out to 2100, depending on whether humanity took serious action on environmental and resource issues. If that didn’t happen, the model predicted ‘overshoot and collapse’ – in the economy, environment and population – before 2070… the ‘business-as-usual’ scenario.”

Turner and his associates sought to update the BAU scenario with information covering 1970 to 2010, gathered from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA); BP’s Statistical Review of World Energy 2014; and elsewhere. They plotted the data alongside the ‘Limits to Growth’ scenarios.

“These graphs show real-world data (first from the MIT work, then from our research), plotted in a solid line,” Turner and Alexander wrote. “The dotted line shows the Limits to Growth “business-as-usual” scenario out to 2100. Up to 2010, the data is strikingly similar to the book’s forecasts.”

The results were almost exactly as the MIT researchers had predicted.

Source: Graham Turner, ‘Is Global Collapse Imminent?’, Melbourne Sustainable Society Institute

“The message of [Limits of Growth] is urgent and sobering,” the Amazon book description said. “The earth’s interlocking resources — the global systems of nature in which we all live — probably cannot support present rates of economic and population growth much beyond the year 2100, if that long, even with advanced technology.”

“It contains a message of hope, as well: Man can create a society in which he can live indefinitely on earth if he imposes limits on himself and has production of material goods to achieve a state of global equilibrium with population and production in carefully selected balance,” the summary added.

The MSSI paper, called ‘Is Global Collapse Imminent?’, outlined how the BAU scenario would play out:

The BAU scenario results in collapse of the global economy and environment (where standards of living fall at rates faster than they have historically risen due to disruption of normal economic functions), subsequently forcing population down. Although the modelled fall in population occurs after about 2030—with death rates rising from 2020 onward, reversing contemporary trends—the general onset of collapse first appears at about 2015 when per capita industrial output begins a sharp decline. Given this imminent timing, a further issue this paper raises is whether the current economic difficulties of the global financial crisis are potentially related to mechanisms of breakdown in the Limits to Growth BAU scenario. In particular, contemporary peak oil issues and analysis of net energy, or energy return on (energy) invested, support the Limits to Growth modelling of resource constraints underlying the collapse.

“The issue of peak oil is critical,” the two researchers noted in The Guardian. They also said that the global recession of 2007 to 2008 ‒ and the “ongoing economic malaise” since ‒ could indicate the first stages of decline.

Yet Turner and Alexander said they believe there is the potential for mankind to change its current path, for better or for worse.

“Our research does not indicate that collapse of the world economy, environment and population is a certainty. Nor do we claim the future will unfold exactly as the MIT researchers predicted back in 1972,” they wrote. “Wars could break out; so could genuine global environmental leadership. Either could dramatically affect the trajectory.”

“But our findings should sound an alarm bell. It seems unlikely that the quest for ever-increasing growth can continue unchecked to 2100 without causing serious negative effects – and those effects might come sooner than we think,” the researchers cautioned.

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